Silk fabric characteristics and washing and maintenance methods

Silk fabric characteristics and washing and maintenance methods

The silk fabric is soft and smooth, soft and light, with rich colors and cool and comfortable. Its main advantages are:

First, the sense of comfort. Silk is composed of protein fiber, which has excellent biocompatibility with the human body. In addition, the surface has a smooth surface, and its friction coefficient to the human body is the lowest among all types of fibers, only 7.4%. Therefore, when our delicate skin and smooth and delicate silk enamel, it with its unique soft texture, according to the curve of the human body, considerate and safely care for every inch of our skin.

Second, the absorption and desorption are good. Silk protein fiber is rich in hydrophilic groups such as amine groups (-CHNH) and amino groups (-NH2), and because of its porosity, it is easy to diffuse water molecules, so it can absorb water or emit moisture in the air. Keep a certain amount of moisture. Under normal temperature, it can help the skin to retain a certain amount of moisture, not to make the skin too dry; in the summer, it can also quickly release the sweat and heat from the body, making people feel cool.

It is because of this property that silk fabrics are more suitable for direct contact with human skin. Therefore, silk clothing is one of the must-have summer clothes. Silk not only has good heat dissipation performance, but also has good thermal insulation. Its thermal insulation is derived from its porous fibrous structure. There are many very fine fibers in a silk fiber, and these fine fibers are composed of finer fibers. Therefore, more than 38% of the seemingly solid silks are hollow, and there is a large amount of air in these gaps, which prevents the heat from being emitted and makes the silk very warm.

Third, sound absorption, vacuuming, and heat resistance. Silk fabrics have a high void ratio and thus have good sound absorption and air permeability, so in addition to making garments, they can also be used for interior decoration, such as silk carpets, tapestries, curtains, wall coverings, and the like. Arranging rooms with silk decorations not only makes the house dirty, but also keeps the room quiet. Because silk has moisture absorption, moisture release performance, moisture retention, air permeability and porosity, it can also adjust indoor temperature and humidity, and can absorb harmful gases, dust and microorganisms. In addition, the thermal denaturation of the silk fiber is small and relatively heat resistant. When it is heated to 100 ° C, it is only about 5 to 8% embrittled, and most synthetic fibers are 4 to 5 times larger than the silk.

The burning temperature of silk is 300~400 °C, which is a kind of flame retardant fiber, while the burning temperature of synthetic fiber is 200~2600 °C, which is flammable and fusible. Therefore, the use of silk fiber as a raw material for interior decoration can not only play the role of sound absorption, vacuuming, heat preservation, but also function as a flame retardant. Fourth, anti-UV. The tryptophan and tyrosine in silk protein can absorb ultraviolet rays, so silk has a good anti-ultraviolet function. Ultraviolet rays are very harmful to human skin. Of course, after absorbing ultraviolet rays, the silk itself undergoes chemical changes, so that the silk fabric is easily yellowed under the illumination of sunlight.

Washing method Washing: Silk clothing is woven with protein-like delicate health care fiber. Washing should not be rubbed in rough articles and washing with washing machine. The clothes should be immersed in cold water for 5-10 minutes, and low-bubble washing powder can be synthesized with special silk detergent. The neutral soap is light and sloppy, and the painted silk Dress can be rinsed repeatedly in clear water.

Drying: Silk clothing should not be sun-dried after washing, and should not be dried by a dryer. Generally, it should be placed in a cool and ventilated place to dry. Because the ultraviolet rays in the sun easily make the silk fabric yellow, fade, and age. Therefore, after washing silk garments, it is not advisable to twist the water. It should be gently shaken, and the opposite side will be spread out, and dried to 70% dry and then ironed or shaken.

Ironing: The anti-wrinkle performance of silk clothing is slightly worse than that of chemical fiber, so there is a saying that "no wrinkles are not real silk". After the clothes are washed, they are wrinkled and need to be ironed to be crisp, elegant and beautiful. When ironing, dry the clothes to 70% dry and then spray the water evenly. Wait for 3-5 minutes and then iron. The ironing temperature should be controlled below 150 °C.

It is not advisable to press the iron directly to avoid the aurora.

Preservation: preserve silk clothing, thin underwear, shirts, pants, skirts, pajamas, etc., first wash, iron and then collect. The autumn and winter clothing, kneading, and cheongsam that are inconvenient to be washed and washed should be cleaned by dry cleaning and ironed to prevent mold and sputum. After ironing, it can also play a role in sterilization and pest control. At the same time, the boxes and cabinets for storing clothes should be kept clean and sealed as much as possible to prevent dust pollution.

Maintenance method 1. Buy silk fabrics should pay attention to purchase 2-4 cm larger than their original size, so that they are comfortable to wear and are not easy to damage silk protein fiber.

2. Silk fabric should be ironed at medium temperature (130 degrees - 140 degrees).

3, silk fabric should be dry, can not be dried under the sun or fluorescent lights.

4, silk clothing is best to store and keep dry, insecticide must be wrapped with cloth, do not directly touch the clothing.

5, silk fabrics are highly hygroscopic. When not wearing, it is best to use clothes hangers to hang clothes and keep them ventilated; if the clothes are not very dirty, do not wash them, hang the clothes through the ventilated place until the sweat is volatilized and then wear; It is not very dirty and can be rinsed directly with water without any detergent. It is recommended not to wear a piece of clothing for a long time. Replacement can reduce the number of times the silk garment is launched.

6, silk fabrics are easy to wrinkle. You can find a small spray bottle, which can be solved by a little water spray in a wrinkled place.


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Shaanxi Jiyun Textile Technology Co., Ltd ,